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Customer demand moves production home again


“Production in countries far away is hard to combine with customers who demand to have their goods straight away as well as customised to their needs,” says Professor Per Hilletofth, the University of Gävle.

Companies moved from Sweden to decrease production cost, but it has become clear that this move involves problems, for instance regarding quality, delivery, competence, rights and infrastructure.

As a result, production is returning to Sweden.

Per Hilletoft


“What happened was that people only saw production cost and failed to recognise all hidden costs involved. The total cost for delivering the product to the market includes transport, quality shortcomings and storage, and, if all those had been considered, the decision might have been different,” Per Hilletofth says.

The Supply Chain

In many markets and industries, the trend today is that customers demand to be able customise their products. The life cycle for most products today is short, as there is a constant demand for new models.

“It is very problematic to combine a domestic market, which is moving towards unique article numbers, with a long supply chain involving high volume production in for example China.”

“This renewal demands proximity between different functions in the supply chain, between production, market, product development and logistics. The whole process needs to work and for this reason production must come closer.”

A sustainable trade mark

Yet another incentive for the companies to move back their production is their strive for a more distinct sustainability profile.

“It is easier to run a sustainable business in Sweden than in many other countries in the world, and you can accept slightly higher costs as a stronger sustainability profile can increase sales.”

“Purchased businesses often choose to retain production in Sweden, since this often benefits trademarking.”

Support to local businesses

Researchers at the University of Gävle intend to provide decision support to help businesses in the region to make sustainable decisions regarding the localisation of production, decision where the total supply chain is taken into account.

“We are looking for businesses in the region interested in gaining more knowledge in the field. We would like to form a group of businesses who find these issues exciting, and a starting point will be a seminar in June,” Per Hilletofth says.


A study made by Per Hilletofth and some of his colleagues showed that businesses gave three reasons why they had moved production back to Sweden. They wanted to increase customisation, flexibility and decrease the time span between order and delivery.



For more information, please contact:
Per Hilletofth, Professor in Logistics at the University of Gävle.
Tel: 072-226 83 81
Email: per.hilletofth@hig.se

Text: Douglas Öhrbom
Ove Wall

Published by: Douglas Öhrbom Page responsible: Anders Munck Updated: 2017-04-23
Högskolan i Gävle
Box 801 76 GÄVLE
026-64 85 00 (växel)