Aging is made frightening
In her research, Karin Lövgren studies how older people are represented in popular culture and if popular culture and media can tell us something about how society views older people and aging.
“Who is allowed to be seen and who is allowed to be hard heard and in what contexts? This determines how we perceive and view aging,” Karin Lövgren points out.
In an ongoing study, she explores representations of menopause in popular culture. Here, women’s femininity and sexuality are tied to the ability to become pregnant. She has also observed that women are depicted as older earlier in life than men are. Often, the menopause serves as an indicator of that aging and women’s aging is depicted as strange and scary.
“Cultural beliefs that tie women’s sexuality and attraction to fertility are reflected in popular culture, although there is no such connection in reality. For many women, not having to worry about un unwanted pregnancy is a relief.
Mad with a use-by date
Another belief is that in menopause women become angry and mad. Karin sees a pattern here. When they are younger, women’s anger are often met with questions like, “Are you having your period right now?” or “Are you having PMS?” and as they grow older, it is the menopause.
“TV series refer to a pattern; anger is taboo for women.”
Older people become invisible
Karin confirms that there are few TV series with older people as main characters. Instead they are supporting actors. As an older woman or man, you become literally invisible in media.
“Are there gender differences when it comes to aging? Yes, there are. You could say that women are ascribed their cultural value on the basis of their looks, whereas men’s performances and actions determine their social value. As a result, older women are the most invisible age group in media.”
The grey capital
Karin Lövgren states that because more people are becoming categorised as elderly, TV series aimed at an older target group are emerging. The market is interested in the grey capital. At the same time, she points out that the women presented as role models are all very thin and look very young.
“We admire them, not for their age, but despite their age. Expectations on women to discipline their bodies, carry on with their dieting and focus on their appearances continues even later in women’s lives today.”
Today, more books on the menopause are published. Possibly, this is because many journalists and readers are now reaching menopause, Karin suggests. Moreover, we are now breaking taboos around menstruation, and the taboo around menopause is also called into question.
“We present too few and too stereotypical images of older people and that is a contributing factor to us losing our empathy. If we portrayed older people more fully, as the individuals they are, we would become more involved and more understanding for this phase of life, old age.”
“Carrying out research on the representations of older people in media is important, not least today when we expect more people to live longer,” Karin Lövgren concludes.